The Migration Policy Institute(MPI) Europe has recently issued a new report entitled: “No Way Out? Making Additional Migration Channels Work for Refugees”
The extensive report seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of existing initiatives and to exam new ways to facilitate refugees in their journey from first asylum to finding and creating opportunities for employment and settlement.
It has been found that the world is now facing the highest level of displacement since World War II. Concurrent conflicts in Iraq, Syria, Ukraine, Afghanistan as well as mass persecutions in Africa and Southeast Asia have forced many to flee to safer lands
The Global refugee crisis is in full thrust as 20 million people from countries from political distress are displaced all over the world. The truth is the crisis is placing tremendous pressure on these countries, socially, economically and politically.
This has led to many of these countries starting to raise the standards of their entry requirements. This applies not just for refugees but government officials have subsequently brought the entire immigration policies of these countries into intense scrutiny.
Hence, the status of the Global refugee crisis has become something that immigrants, aspiring immigrants and migrant workers have been paying close attention to as they are subject to being affected by government responses to it.
The MPI is calling on these governments to consider that refugees should be provided with further opportunities beyond initial asylum and directly addresses the policies put forth by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
So far the UNHCR’s over-arching approach to dealing with displacement included repatriation, local integration and resettlement. The MPI believed the UNHCR needs to look deeper into their approach for more effective ways of achieving these their aims and more.
In the report the MPI:
- Evaluates the obstacles –both practical and political- that hinder the progression of refugees to permanent residents
- Evaluates the ease of access of refugees to education and labour
- Evaluates the support towards family migration
- Explores ways to increase ease of mobility
One of the key topics brought up was the need for a secure legal status of a refugee in their country of first asylum. Having been granted this, it is believed that is will then be easier for a refugee to seek opportunities in other places.
The report recognizes that there are some solutions that will be more challenging and require more extensive support to be put into place and would have to be implemented incrementally.
However, there are those, which could be implemented quite immediately. These include various private sponsorship initiatives.