Germany passed a series of controversial measures to ease the integration of migrants and deportation of asylum seekers who are rejected on Friday.
What are they?
Attracting both EU and non-EU skilled vocational workers who are skilled in the German language is the aim of the new package of laws. These workers are also promised easy procedures to obtain the visa and red tape reduction.
This was created to address skilled workers shortages in many German industries and regions last year. Foreign citizens requesting for work visas and asylum seekers in the country are included in the law. The deportation of asylum seekers who are rejected is also made easy with these new immigration rules.
Okay, so what does it mean for workers?
This new law paves the way for non-EU qualified workers to come and work on the country. According to estimates gotten from the government, an additional 25,000 skilled workers will enter Germany annually because of these new laws.
Significantly, one of the changes made is canceling the rule that required employers to prove the incapability of filling a position by an EU citizen or a German citizen before it is given to an immigrant.
The new law also permits skilled workers like builders or cooks to enter Germany for six months in search of a job as long as the individual can support himself financially.
The government has also stated that it does not intend to the wrong asylum seekers. Though uncertain, any asylum Seeker with skills or willingness to learn and has zero criminal records will be allowed to stay.
The spokesman for migration policy for the center-left Social Democrat (SPD) Parliamentary group, Lars Castellucci, has emphasized on the need for immigration in the country. Eva Högl, the deputy SPD faction leader, requested that a signal be sent to job seekers who are qualified non-EU citizens, showing that they are permitted inside the country.
But according to some critics like the Far-right Alternative for Germany (AFD), the risk of the system being abused to get the benefits could be increased.
What about the other part of the laws?
“Geordnetw-Rückkehe-Gesetz” (Return law or Orderly Repatriation) is included in the new laws, with the intention of making the evasion of ordered deportation difficult. Also, benefits sanctions for asylum seekers who are rejected will be made.
Though currently, asylum seekers awaiting deportation are placed at detention centers and they may likely be held in regular prisons in the future.
Why are these laws controversial?
Since a million migrants and refugees were received by Germany when the borders were opened in September 2015 by Chancellor Angela Merkel, immigration has become an issue of politics.
A xenophobic backlash was sparked from this large intake of immigrants and with this came the biggest opposition party in 2017, anti-Islam and anti-immigration.
Though this has continued to be a challenge in Germany, Ingo Kramer the head of the Confederation of German Employers expressed his appreciation last year on the training or employment of about 400,000 individuals that came in 2015.
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