The Express Entry system started the New Year by hosting the largest first draw of the year ever held in the history of the country. On Thursday, 10th of January 2019, 3,900 Express Entry candidates with a minimum ranking score of 449 points received Invitations to Apply (ITA) for Permanent Residence.
For the past five years since it was created, Express Entry has never issued such a large number of invitations in its first draw for the year. The system was launched on the 1st of January 2015, and Thursday’s draw marked the beginning of its fifth 12-month cycle. It is expected that in this cycle, the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) would achieve more by exceeding the number of ITAs it issued last year, which was a total of 89,800.
The Express Entry System controls the pool of candidates in the Canadian Experience Class, Federal Skilled Trades Class, and the Federal Skilled Worker Class; the three High Skilled Economic migration programs in Canada.
The Candidates profiles are graded using a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), in which points are awarded to candidates for factors like language proficiency, education, age, and work experience.
Candidates who score the highest points are drawn from the pool and given Invitations to Apply for Permanent Residence in regular invitation rounds.
Yesterday’s draw exceeded the record set in 2016 with about 1,000 more Invitations to Apply and about 1,150 ITAs more than that of 2018.
The Government of Canada intends to increase the number of Federal High Skilled applicants who receive Invitations to Apply under its multi-year migration levels plan in 2019 above what was obtainable last year. Last year, the program had a target of 74,900 new admissions into Canada, but their target has risen in 2019 to 81,400.
The Express Entry system processes the applications of all the candidates applying for Permanent Residents under the Federal High Skilled Class – a class which admits a major proportion of applicants to the country.
IRCC would need to issue more Invitations to Apply for Permanent Residence in 2018 to meet its targets for 2019 and 2020. Last year, the IRCC increased the number of Invitations to Apply from 2,750 to 3,900.
It has been estimated that if this trend continues this year, draw sizes could become larger and this will invariably take its toll on the minimum ranking score if the draws are being held regularly.
In the draw held on the 19th of December, the minimum ranking score was 10 points lower than that of yesterday. An explanation for this point difference is the time frame between the two draws. If there is a long time difference between two draws, it means that more people would get into the Express Entry pool and many others will take actions that can raise their scores.
For instance, if an Express Entry candidate obtains a Provincial Nomination, he or she would be awarded 600 points in their Comprehensive Ranking System Score.
The draw held on the 19th of December had a minimum score of 439, and this was because the previous draw had taken place just one week ahead, on the 12th of December with a minimum score of 445 points.
Canada not only increased its Express Entry target but also its Provincial Nomination Program target.
For the first draw in 2019, the IRCC employed the tie break rule with a time stamp of 11:40:53 UTC on 2nd January 2019. What this means is that every applicant who scored 449 points and above in their CRS score, and submitted their profiles before 11:40:53 UTC of 2nd January 2019 would be given an Invitation to Apply during this draw.
An expert feels that this draw came out well enough for a record-breaking year like 2019 in Express Entry Invitations.
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