A new report from Statistics Canada has revealed that Immigration is the major drive behind the population growth in Canada, has increased the nation’s population by 321,065 people in 2018.
During the beginning of this year, Canada’s population hit 37,314,442 people as the last quarter of 2018 saw a record-breaking number of new immigrants welcomed to the country.
In 2018, Canada’s population increased by 528,421 people, of which 80.5% of them came in through international immigration, making up 425,245 new permanent residents and immigrants in the country.
A temporary resident in Canada is one who has been permitted to visit, study and or work in the country for a specified time frame, using a visit, work or study permit, or any Temporary status issued by the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada.
The number of people added to the country’s population by means of natural growth; which is the number of births minus number of deaths, was 103,176, thus being exceeded by the number gotten from immigration.
According to Statistics Canada, the population rise in the last quarter of 2018 was said to be unusual as the population is mostly always observed to be declining at the end of the year.
The above diagram indicates the positive impact of international Immigration on population growth. This growth could be attributed to the initiatives that were recently introduced by the Government of Canada to help boost its immigration system.
Canada introduced an immigration system in 2015; the Express Entry Selection System, a pathway through which the Federal Government chooses worthy candidates and invites them for Permanent Residence. Candidates are termed worthy in this case if they meet the labor market needs of the country.
The reason for the creation of the Express Entry System is to speed up the processing of applications from candidates for the main economic immigration programs in the country.
In 2018, Canada’s Express Entry System issued 89,800 Invitations to Apply for permanent residence, making it the most significant number of people ever invited by the system in one year.
Immigration Levels Plan By The IRCC
In the fourth quarter of 2019, IRCC drew up a three-year immigration level plan, which will run from 2019 – 2021.
One of the important features mentioned in the plan is the Economic Immigration, having an admission target of 330,800 permanent residents in 2019.
By 2021, the figure mentioned above is set to rise to 350,000 admissions of Permanent Residents.
The plan is to gather the most talented individuals from every part of the world to live in Canada and fill up the lapses in her labor market.
Provincial Nominee Program
This is the second most important feature of the immigration levels plan. The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) came in to play in 1998 and allows certain involved Provinces and Territories in the country to nominate an allocated number of persons for permanent residence in the country, still to boost its labor market.
Its admission target for 2019 was set at 61,000 new immigrants, and that of 2021 was set at the level of 71,300 admissions.
Data obtained from Statistics Canada indicates that of every 10 Provinces in Canada, 9 of them has international immigration to thank for a larger part of the population increase it experienced in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Attorney David Cohen said that the Government is obviously taking real steps towards gathering and retaining the very best brains and hands – from every part of the world – Canada. He added that it is worth noting the undebatably outstanding role which immigration is playing to increase different regions and territories of the country.
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