In the updated Democracy Index of the Economist Intelligence Unit, Canada scored the complete 10 points for civil liberties and became the 6th of 167 countries in global democracies.
The Index shows a summary of the democratic condition of the 167 countries involved by allocating scores into five categories; government functioning, electoral process and pluralism, civil liberties, political culture, and political participation.
Canada has maintained a fixed score of 9.15 since 2017, while the US dropped from 7.98 points to 7.96 points.
According to the comment in the index, Canada is considered a full-time democratic country, a title that has only been attained by 19 other countries.
Meanwhile, the US is rated as a country with a “flawed democracy” because its index grade point has fallen below the minimum threshold that a country needs to have full democracy, and has been that way since 2016.
If a country’s democratic state is seen as a full democracy, it implies that the country recognizes and respects the standard political rights and civil liberties of the citizens, and has a foundational political culture which is conducive for the growth of democracy. A study shows that such a democracy is characterized by an efficient check and balance system, a functional government, an independent media, and the judiciary system.
First five countries in the Democracy Index List
The first five countries on the list, from the fifth to the first include Denmark, New Zealand, Sweden, Iceland, and Norway.
Four countries scored all the points allocated for civil liberties. There include; Ireland, New Zealand, Australia and of course Canada.
The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) reports that Canada has been able to maintain a good spot in the Democratic Index because it has been blessed with a stable democratic government tenure after tenure.
In the category of civil liberties, the index showed that religious and cultural tolerance and the freedom of expression are upheld in Canada, which is very necessary when paying attention to the large population of French Canadians and Native Minorities present. Also, it is mentioned that every Canadian is given a fair and equal treatment under the law.
However, the Index is of the opinion that there is still room for improvement in Canada regarding political participation. The Economist Intelligence Unit noted that many developed countries have this same issue of citizens participating in political affairs. In this category, Canada had its lowest score; 7.78 points.
The deficiencies pointed out in the category of Political participation was largely reflected in the few numbers of members in political parties, the poor turnout of voters, and the absence of political engagements.
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